In the last decades, the worldwide rates of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) has skyrocketed to the point of becoming the leading cause of death in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), NCDs kill 40 million people each year, equivalent to 70% of all deaths globally. The most prevalent types of NCDs are cardiovascular…

Tobacco harms and kills. Direct or passive consumption of tobacco causes annually the premature deaths of six million people worldwide. Even worse is the frustration, pain, and cost of living with tobacco disease and addiction. Although smoking kills more people than illegal drugs–and nicotine is as addictive as heroin–tobacco remains legal, albeit highly regulated in…

Need for a transitory mechanism In 2009, the EU acquired exclusive competence to regulate foreign direct investment (FDI) – which previously rested with its Member States – through the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. Since then, the European Commission has been engaging in the negotiation of international investment agreements (IIAs) and investment chapters…